Questions Commun / FAQ's and Useful resources
On nous demande souvent des endroits où trouver de bonnes informations sur la santé des animaux de compagnie, les premiers secours, et les conditions communes. Nous allons essayer de collecter ici des site-web utiles, des articles, et des informations utiles!
We are often asked for places to find good trustworthy information about pet health, first aid, and common conditions. We will try and post useful links, articles, and information here that will hopefully help!
Online these days we can find out lots of information. For medical advice, some is good some is bad. Here are two great resources (written by vets) for useful medical information, common conditions and much much more. These are two of our favourite sites.
Many human medications. Common problems are Advil, Tylenol, antidepressants, but many other medications are also toxic to animals. Always contact a veterinarian before administering any human medication to your animal or if it is accidentally ingested.
Marijuana and other recreational drugs.
Chocolate: Animals are very sensitive to methylxanthine contained in chocolate. The darker the chocolate, the more of this substance it contains. Toxicity will depend of the quantity and type of chocolate ingested. Depending on the dosage ingested, decontamination or treatments may be necessary.
Some table scraps. Fatty foods may cause digestive problems. Bones and corn crop can obstruction or issues. Grapes and raisins can cause severe renal failure. On the other hand, onions, garlic and other vegetables of the same family may cause anemia. . Gum or dessert containing xylitol can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and liver failure. Make sure to limit access to the kitchen counter or garbage.
Rat and mouse poison (rodenticides). Different products are available on the market, each and every one with a different mechanism of action causing various signs such as digestive problems, lowering blood coagulation, renal failure and cardiac or neurological abnormalities. In case of ingestion, contact your veterinarian as quickly as possible (preferably with the name of the rodenticide in hand), to limit the absorption of the product and start a treatment.
Antifreeze. Every winter we see it and the sweet taste for many dogs and cats means ingestion can be a problem. It is the ethylene glycol in antifreeze that is the problem-- it can cause kidney failure, neurologic problems and worse.
Some plants and mushrooms. The most well known is Lily plants for cats. Various plants and mushrooms may be toxic if ingested.
Flea products containing permethrine: These products are very dangerous for cats. Application or ingestion of such a product may cause severe neurological signs and even death. Never apply permethrine on your cat and make sure to temporally separate your animals when applying it on your dog. In case of intoxication, contact your veterinarian.
DHPP (Distemper, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus). Consider the 'base' vaccine for dogs this is arguably the most important dog vaccine for Canadian dogs. These 4 viruses have been largely prevented by widespread vaccination of dogs. Parvovirus is still seen with regularity. It is always unvaccinated or late vaccinated dogs and considering parvovirus is so ubiquitous this is not a fun virus for young puppies (or any dog) to get.
Leptospirosis. A bacteria that acts like a parasite, this is spread via urine contact. The bacteria is ingested and migrate often causing liver and kidney damage at the same time. Leptospirosis for the most part is rare but a serious infection if caught.
Bordetella. Also known as kennel cough. This is a bacteria spread in the air. It gets its name from how quickly it can spread anywhere dogs are together so kennels or rescues but can be caught anywhere. The main symptom is a dry, harsh cough. Infection will usually pass on it's own but sometimes requires treatment.
Rabies. All dogs need to be vaccinated against Rabies as per law.
Lyme. Ticks are getting worse every year. Lyme disease is different in dogs than humans and so often not a major issue but vaccination may have a place in very endemic areas for ticks or in specific circumstances.
RCP. (Rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, panleukopenia). This is the feline 'base' vaccine preventing three common contagious infections. Rhinotracheitis is by far and away the most common virus we see in cats and causes upper respiratory symptoms like sneezing, nasal discharge, congestion and conjuctivitis. Calicivirus and panleukopenia can be serious problems with infection sometimes leading to long term symptoms or problems.
Leukemia. A virulent virus spread in saliva. This virus attacked the immune system of the cat (where it gets its name) and can cause a whole host of symptoms. Often after infection there is a long latent period of the virus with the virus laying dormant (sometimes for many years) before becoming active and causing disease.
Rabies. All outdoor cats need to be vaccinated against Rabies as per law.